Final tests seem redundant in a TPBL classroom. Afterall, the students throughout the course of every assignment are in a constant state of assessment. Those assessments are either self-directed/ peer oriented or shared out to a larger audience. But, the tradition of final exams continues…. Yesterday I had a student concerned about my lack of concern about the test. I asked her what she thought told me more about her abilities–18 weeks of work or 90 minutes of testing? With that simple question and answer it became very clear for her. It’s important that our students understand that the work we do daily has more importance and relevance than a single test at the end. I knew how they were going to do on the test before they ever sat down to take it. But they were given yet another opportunity to synthesize the information they worked with throughout the year.
One problem did arise. I had a student comment that the assessment–reading graphs, non-fiction text, synthesizing information and writing conclusions, etc.–seemed an awful lot like biology and not a lot of English. Ah, changing a mindset takes a little longer. 🙂
Our biology/English course recently dived headlong into the world of dichotomous keys. It’s a relatively simple concept to master, but the idea behind the use of dichotomous keys is lost on students. Students view the simple choice between A and B as normal practice in many classes. But the difference is that in those classes they are often told exactly how to define A and B. A popular video “I Choose C” makes the rounds at teacher’s in-services to demonstrate how the educational system takes the creativity from a student and gives them a tool to solve a task in the classroom–choose C. Not very helpful for the young lady in the video who is being asked to do a task for which she hasn’t been specifically trained. A dichotomous key–on the surface–seems like the same concept. Students must identify one or the other characteristic and move on in order to identify any particular organism.
When our students first begin applying the use of a dichotomous key we begin small–with beans. Even if they don’t quite understand the use, most students can identify a black bean if necessary. When they had to apply a dichotomous key to conifers the task grew more challenging. What we are always amazed by is that the students are often more challenged with having to make a decision from their own knowledge and trust their decision going forward. How does one identify “leathery” in a two dimensional sketch of a conifer branch? The fear of being incorrect in the decision makes some students panic. We always tell our students that they need to make a logical, well-thought out decision and go forward trusting that they have applied the basic tenets they have learned, experienced, and tested. Then trust that their application will lead them to the correct solution. And sometimes, we warn them, they will be wrong. And when they are wrong to evaluate the solution and process and go forward–try something different.
We need our students to graduate with knowledge, but we need more students who are capable of applying knowledge with the understanding that getting the correct solution the first time is a rare occurrence. When at first you don’t succeed, try, try again.
Teachers often inquire what a typical class looks like in a TPBL or hybrid classroom. Experienced teachers may use the term chaos. Multiple days in the past five years, that word has been used by the teachers involved as well. I have grown to love students who are active and moving. In a typical classroom, it is not unusual to see students moving from group to group in a collaborative effort to improve everyone’s work. It is not unusual that an entire classroom is being utilized–not just the desks and white board. It is not unusual to have students use technology to extend the learning outside the walls of the room–or simply asking permission to ask another teacher down the hall. It is normal to have students talking and testing concepts and sharing out information to everyone in the classroom. It is normal to have students sharing problems with someone else and asking “what do I do?” It is normal that plans may change for that day based on what the students understand or discover. It is normal for multiple assessments to be done on any given day to identify where the class needs to go. It is normal for students to find a single problem that leads into multiple problems to solve.
So when someone asks how do I stand the chaos? I simply smile and ask them to ask my students that same question. I know the answer they will get.
Yesterday we received the largest compliment ever!!! A student informed us that through her mistakes everyday she is learning the material. As teachers we want our students to succeed, but the speed at which they succeed is always a debatable point. If they succeed at everything new, the first time they attempt it, is it rigorous enough to be called learning? I did not learn to walk the first time I tried. I also almost drove my driver’s ed instructor into the ditch once. Students need an opportunity to struggle. And an opportunity to step outside of easy and really have to, as another student so eloquently puts it, “you make my brain hurt.” Don’t be afraid to allow your students the opportunity to learn to walk. If we carry them the whole way what will they do when you aren’t there?
Armour’s AHS bio/English course along with our math counterpart visited A Tail for Tales Taxidermist to gain a greater understanding of the design cycle along with a lesson on how content areas can not be contained within a single classroom. Thank you Larry Wold—you are the best.